I am extremely fascinated with glitch and the human body. Especially glitch porn. I found these articles to be very interesting and provocative. I really enjoyed the firsts article “Digital Dualism and the Glitch Feminism Manifesto” The author talks about the concept of glitch as a “digital organism” she argues that it is similar to a human orgasm she explains how glitch and having an orgasm are both involuntary responses of the human body and the machine. They are both things that we can not control that happen and an orgasm exposes feeling and emotions that may have been hidden just like a glitch exposing what’s under the surface. I think this concept is radical!
This idea made me think a lot about what glitch actually is and how does glitching the body effect the viewer’s mindsets. The human body has many imperfections and glitches within its self so it is interesting to me to create real glitches in images to expose the imperfections that all of us try to hide. When it comes to femisnm and queer idea of glitching I feel that art plays a huge role in representing the meanings behind both terms. For centuries art has exposed truths in the world. The article talks about
Glitch in relation to the social structure and economy. The author notes that the media has not represented homosexuality in a positive manner. This does not help the LBG community and there needs to be a shift in the way media represents these people. Glitch can do just that by exposing the truths behind what is actually going on. Lately there has been a whole new view of sexuality that has arised with Kaityln Jenner. I think society is starting to shift and now its time to embrace the shift and move forward. Glitch art can do just this and with more and more people coming out I think its important to keep in mind how these different groups of people are being represented in art and media. Femism has also had a very negative connotation and I believe its because the idea of being a femisnt is outdated. By saying you are a feminist you are creating another group and making it us against them mindset instead of looking at everyone as indivuals and equals. Its interesting to me that the world is shifting and ideas are being accepted that have not been for a very long time. In the renaissance period there were many famous men who were openly gay and it was considered normal. Now we are back in a time where sexuality is shifting and people are identifying themselves differently. We can use art and glitching to express these changes and make a difference
This week’s readings both deal with the misconception that glitch is a necessarily negative occurrence.
In Legacy Russell’s “Digital Dualism and the Glitch Feminism Manifesto,” glitch is discussed as being neither positive or negative in nature. Russell begins by exemplifying how the glitch figures into the theory digital dualism. Digital dualists insist that a digital reality (or synthetic reality) is completely removed from an outside reality (or naturally occurring reality). Glitches break down this theory as when one occurs suddenly and randomly, we the user are removed from the digital world by being reminded of an actual one. In this way, the glitch is an entity that breaks down barriers. Russell goes on to create a glitch feminist manifesto and asserts that the glitch says “fuck your systems!” Through these arguments, the glitch asserts itself as neither being a positive or a negative, but rather an occurrence that is incidental. Normalized social constructs establish the glitch as a non-normalcy and therefore an inaccuracy, but it is really just another way of thinking or perhaps a pathway to it.
Chad Parkhill and Jessica Rodgers view the glitch similarly in their work “Queer/Error: Gay Media Systems and Processes of Abjection.” Here, the authors recall a history of society “construe(ing) the queer as an error…and therefore abject(ing) it” (211). The authors also go on to cite how the media portrays “gay men, sex workers, and intravenous drug users with AIDS as deviant and immoral. Those who were infected with HIV via blood transfusion or heterosexual contact were represented as ‘innocent’ victims” (218). Here we see the social constructs of heteronormality placing judgement on the homosexual community, and it is here that it is clear that the glitch (homosexuality in a hetronomative perspective) makes itself a resource to bridge the gap between different ways of thinking just like it did with the different realities juggled by digital dualism.
In this week’s readings I noticed several trends that might help us better understand this growing field of glitch studies. In the article by Russell, she discusses Glitch through the concept of pornography and the manner in which she mentions Glitch as a type orgasm or type of foreplay. Russell discusses how when we experience glitch in the digital era, we are mad because we have a desire to see things unfold as we would like but glitch interferes with this. As a result we are left with a desire for more. Taking this into consideration, I feel that I do not fully agree with the statement. Although I do understand the desire to want to solve a glitch, I do not see glitches as a positive. Many times I need to search up something very quickly on the Internet and I come across some glitch. I do not view the glitch in a positive manner rather I am very angry that I cannot get my work done. This being said I do understand glitch as something to be desired I just don’t feel that it depends on the circumstance in which you encounter said glitch.
I also found the Parkhill discussion on Queer in relation to glitch to be very interesting. What struck me the most in this discussion was Jean Epstein’s theory that Parkhill mentions in his piece. He states that Epstein believed that homosexuality was an error in nature that defines explanation and renders itself inexplicable. I feel that it is not correct to state that being queer is an error because that means that all queer people have some sort of defect. I feel the idea of being normal or errorless is something subjective, I don’t feel that errors in people or nature are something that can be pointed out because we do not know what is truly normal. Overall, I feel that systems makes us believe certain ways and just like Glitch feminism goes against the systems set, our ideologies should also go against these systems.
Thinking about going against the system had me thinking of this song the whole day so I’ll just leave this here…
I found the interpretations that Legacy Russell made in her article, “Digital Dualism and The Glitch Feminism Manifesto”, concerning glitch to be interesting. Comparing glitch to a digital orgasm is definitely something that I had not heard of before. It’s definitely a different take on glitch that I have not heard of before, but it is not one that I agree on. Russell describes the glitch as a “happy accident”, that buffering, freezing, of videos is a form of foreplay. To me the idea of having to wait for a video to buffer, or having something freeze on me does not sound appealing, on the contrary it sounds frustrating. Yeah, she says it’s the fact that we are left wanting more, begging for the action we had executed to continue but even then I don’t see the appeal of begging for more from a machine, and especially not in a erotic manner. I also found it a bit difficult to pinpoint what or how exactly Russell was trying to associate glitch as a digital orgasm, and glitch feminism, or was that to separate ideas? The whole definition of glitch feminism was a bit vague and difficult to understand for me, especially this sentence:
“Glitch Feminism is not gender-specific—it is for all bodies that exist somewhere before arrival upon a final concretized identity that can be easily digested, produced, packaged, and categorized by a voyeuristic mainstream public”
I found Chad Parkhill’s article “Queer/ Error: Gay Media Systems and Process of Abjection” to be a more insightful than Russell’s. Parkhill talked about glitch in a manner relating to the social structure of the economy and media. Parkhill’s analysis of the media not portraying homosexuality in a positive light, specifically the health issues that relate to it, such as HIV+ imaging, is eye opening. He cites that “In Epstein’s formulation, homosexuality is an error in nature that not only defies explanation, but renders nature itself inexplicable; unsurprisingly…” he then relates this negativity towards homosexuality with the way in which even media outlets who are suppose to serve as a positive community oriented platforms do not entirely embrace the totality of what it means to be a homosexual, specifically noting the troubles that they have to be cautious of (being HIV+). Parkhill points out that HIV+ bodies, which are considered to be not aesthetically pleasing to look at, are not properly portrayed in the media, and that is a problem because the audience that is subscribed to these media outlets have a responsibility to educate on all the issues of the community especially the ones that are consistently brought up such as HIV.
I like to think I am a forward thinking person, and it always baffles me when I realize the ignorance I still possess. I found the Queer/Error article very fascinating. Very eye-opening. I have to admit I judged the article before hand and thought to myself, “Why would we need to have to talk about Queer-related things in a glitch class?” After reading it I felt like a dumbass. I use to think why some of the gay men I know, seemed so sexualized. Had just provocative male body images everywhere. It never occurred to me how society and media only really relate to heterosexuals. The way women dress to attract men, the way women are objectified for men to drool over, the way men are objectified for women to drool over, movies are heterosexual… the list goes on. So OF COURSE anyone that is homosexual would want the same for themselves. DUH. I never thought of that.
I thought it was also interesting how “Queer” is like an error. It is related to something that might not be considered “normal.” I never liked the word Queer, because I find it to be such a derogative word. It is what people would call other people who they viewed as abnormal. However I don’t see Queer as an “error” in nature. I feel because it defies the idea of hetero procreation that somehow they are an “error.” But I see people born this way as an anomaly. An anomaly which is unique to the human species. I don’t really want to reflect on the HIV part of the article because that just makes me sad, but ok. So is the HIV/AIDS in a way an error for “Queer” individuals? Because I suppose it does glitch the blood cells… but I feel like it is so wrong to even talk about it personally. Astornaut over and out*
This weeks reading was very interesting in the way that glitch was applied with a queer context. Specifically, in the article “Digital Dualism And The Glitch Feminism Manifesto, the comparison of glitch to an orgasm caught my attention.
Orgasms are associated with pleasure. Viewed as somewhat of a rarity, orgasms are described as euphoric, sensational and are associated with other positive adjectives. By holding glitch to this standard, in my opinion, glitch is viewed as something that is extremely powerful. In associating glitch with feminism, glitch is also viewed in a powerful and positive light.
The discussion of glitch and feminism reminded me of when we talked about glitch and culture jamming. Technology and media in today’s day and age has the ability to connect with multiple people from all over the world. Today’s audience is much bigger than it has been in the past, hence the term mass media. The ability to reach such a widespread audience gives media the hegemony it has over society-to change and alter society’s thinking and, to some extent, way of life. When we talk about glitch being viewed in the same light as an orgasm, we see the power that glitch art has to make statements and critique the world and the instant sharing of glitches across the world means that glitch has the power to produce change.
My question is is it the glitch itself that is powerful or the mastermind behind the glitch? Similar to orgasms is it just good sex or is it because of the connection and the person you are intimate with? Personally, in terms of glitch I think the power derives from both the glitch itself and the mind behind it. The ability to create a glitch that speaks to people and causes people to realize and want change in the world is a powerful feature. In order for glitch to produce the change in the world that it can, humans and technology will have to join together to create a powerful, orgasmic force that will shock and shake the world (in a good way 😉 )