In Mark Nune’s readings Error, Noise, and Potential: The Outside of Purpose and ERROR, Glitch, Noise, and Jam in New Media Cultures, he focuses on the idea of error as a sense of importance in the lens of operational structure of our societies network, not focusing on failure but rather its “operational logic.” Within the study of operational control during the 19th century when industrialization started to become present and the need to accommodate information flow through transmission and feedback. As we then think about control and what outcomes we predict, its the errors in the system that we predict and use as a structure of learning the operational process. In the cybernetic view of error, it is the direct feedback from a system but rather how far that response if from where it should be. As time goes on from the beginning of errors in technology and the operational process, the adaption of manipulation of error in media has created its own subject in art. In Nunes second article Error, he focuses more on the modern idea of error in technology and its advances to art and media. It also gives users an understanding of technologies from a perspective that they usually wouldn’t see as it reveals the hidden restrictions and the overall power of technology.